Treatment techniques available


All my treatment is assessment led, consisting of a detailed history taking, observation, palpation and gait assessment. I will evaluate your animal’s movement, spinal and joint function, strength, mobility, co-ordination and functional abilities. This enables me to accurately identify which tissues or joints are causing the problem presented.

From this assessment treatment programmes are specifically tailored to meet individual needs. They are designed to relieve pain, mobilise, strengthen, improve co-ordination, re-train new efficient movement patterns and regain lost function. Treatment may include manual therapy, heat, cryotherapy, electrotherapies, exercise programs, and a home programme package.

Manual Therapy

These are hands on techniques which are useful in reducing muscle spasm, relieving pain, reducing soft tissue adhesions, mobilising deep structures, improving joint mobility and increasing proprioception (body awareness):

  • Peripheral and spinal joint mobilisation techniques
  • Soft tissue release techniques; such as deep tissue massage, light touch, myofascial release and trigger point deactivation.
  • Reflex inhibition techniques - uses the animal's natural reflexes to stimulate joint movement and soft tissue stretch.
  • Passive stretches and range of movement exercises.


Laser, ultrasound and pulsed electromagnetic energy all work at a cellular level to provide pain relief, promote the resolution of inflammation, reduce swelling, and improve the quality and speed of healing and the reduction of scar formation. The choice depends on which type of tissue is injured, how deep it is within the body, and the stage of healing.


Equine assessment
Infra red laser, Blue Light laser, Ultrasound treatments

Infra Red Laser

This is used for wound healing and superficial lesions in tendons, ligaments, joint capsules and muscles. It can be used for pain relief over peripheral nerves or centrally at nerve roots and to enhance the body’s immune and lymphatic system.

Blue Light Laser

This has an antibacterial effect and is used for the treatment of contaminated wounds and abscesses.


This is able to penetrate to deeper structures (up to 5cm) and is excellent at healing ligaments and joint capsules. It is also the treatment of choice in reducing old scars in all soft tissues including muscles.

Pulsed Electromagnetic Energy

Pulsed Electromagnetic Energy

This penetrates to the deepest structures and has a variety of different effects depending on the frequency used.

  • Promotes healing in all soft tissues, joints and muscles.
  • Promotes and hastens the speed of bony union in both traumatically and surgically induced fractures.
  • Pain relief over peripheral nerves or centrally over nerve roots.
  • Induces vasoconstriction to reduce swelling in acute inflammation
  • Induces vasodilatation in muscles in preparation for exercise
TENS treatments


TENS can be used for pain relief using the pain gate theory or by inducing the release of the animals own endorphins. This is most beneficial for acute pain e.g. following spinal surgery.

Electro Muscular Stimulation

Electro Muscular Stimulation (EMS)

EMS can be used to maintain muscle bulk if peripheral nerves are temporally damaged; for retraining a correct pattern of muscle recruitment; to strengthen very weak muscles in early stage rehabilitation and to mobilise bound down muscle fibres and normalise tone.

Other Therapeutic Modalities


This includes ice packs, ice massage and cold water irrigation. It is used to reduce acute soft tissues inflammation following trauma or surgery. It reduces swelling and has direct pain relieving properties by acting on peripheral nerves. It often forms part of a home programme


This can be applied via wheat, gel packs and warm water. It is used for pain relief in chronic conditions of joints and muscles, reduces muscle spasm and increases local blood flow. It can also be used as a preparation for exercise and often forms part of a home programme.

Exercise and rehabilitation

Exercise and Rehabilitation Programs

Exercise programmes are individually prescribed and progressed to suit every stage of healing, and aimed at restoring full functional activities, or increasing performance in competition animals.

Programs may include the following:

  • Baited active mobilising exercises
  • Muscle strengthening exercises
  • Core stability exercises
  • Balance and coordination exercises
  • Proprioceptive training
  • Tactile and sensory motor stimulation
  • Gait re-education and training
  • Re-training functional activities and movement patterns
  • Training and schooling advice
  • Sport specific rehabilitation
Expert Advice

Expert Advice

  • Owner education
  • Husbandry
  • Training, handling, and behavioral issues.
  • Home exercise programmes

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In accordance with the law, veterinary consent is needed before I can treat any animal. You can download a referral form and health check form in Word format from the links below.

Veterinary referral form
Competition Animal MSK Check

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